Within a week of this photograph being taken, the Munich agreement was signed between Germany, France, Britain and Italy. This paved the way for the annexation of the Sudetenland, formerly in Czechoslovakia, by Germany. War seemed to have been averted and the British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, received a rapturous reception on his return to London. Within months, however, it was clear that the agreement had not stifled Hitler’s territorial ambitions. The International Peace Campaign was founded in September 1935 to campaign for the peace-keeping role of the League of Nations. It disbanded during the Second World War.